Tips For Managing Temper Tantrums

Understand why your toddler might have temper tantrums, find out tips for how to handle and reduce them, and hear how they may even have some benefits!

If you've got a young child, chances are you'll have experienced a temper tantrum. The average is around one a day. Hopefully, unlike me, it wasn't in the middle of the supermarket isle as a stream of concerned onlookers walked by, giving you sympathetic, judging or condemning looks. But enough about me and my toddlerdom-battle scars!

So why do they happen? And how can we, as the grown-ups, help our little ones learn from these experiences and manage these emotions.

Temper Tantrums - from a Child's Perspective

It’s good to remember that young children are inexperienced humans. They've been on the planet for a very short time and have limited ability to communicate. Yet they still feel powerful emotions - just like adults.

Toddler bodies and brains are growing at an extraordinary rate and learning to control both takes time. So many things are hard - taking turns, using the toilet, getting dressed - the list goes on. And speaking of control, parents and caregivers control where they go, what they do, what they eat and when they go to bed, giving them very little (or no) control themselves over these things.

Is it any wonder children sometimes cry, whine, throw things, or fling themselves on the floor?

Tantrums are almost always a young child's way of expressing frustration, anger, sadness, fear, stress, or confusion. They are generally not attempts to manipulate or control adults.

Benefits of Tantrums - yes really!

While alarming, tantrums can actually have some benefits:

  • They release cortisol, the stress hormone. Adults often feel better after a good cry and children are no different. Tantrums offer a release from difficult emotions.
  • They provide a learning opportunity. Children usually save tantrums for the people they feel safest with - their parents, family, and caregivers. Allowing them space to express negative emotions can be incredibly powerful and set them on the path to better emotional health in the future.
  • Tantrums happen when parents or caregivers set limits. One of the jobs of parenting is saying "no" sometimes, even if it means that we're unpopular with our children. If you've set a reasonable, healthy limit and stuck to it, congratulations - you're doing the hard work of parenting, helping children learn self-regulation, and also reducing tantrums in the long run. When children have consistent limits, they feel less out of control, one of the primary reasons for meltdowns.

How to Reduce Temper Tantrums

Try to minimise frustrations that often lead to tantrums. Children are more likely to melt down when they're tired, hungry, confused, or frustrated.

  • Try keeping a regular schedule, as children thrive on routine.
  • Listen when your child first seems agitated.
  • Let your child know what to expect throughout the day and offer choices when possible.
  • When your child wants something, consider the request carefully. Is it outrageous? Maybe it isn't. Choose your battles and accommodate your child when you can.

Offer a Diversion

Before your child reaches full meltdown mode, change the environment.

  • Turn on some music, go for a walk, practice mindfulness, or sit down and look at a book together.
  • Offer a sensory experience, such as a bath or water play, or get some exercise. Physical activity and time in nature can do wonders.
  • Acknowledge emotions. "I can see that you're feeling frustrated. Let's do something different."

Healthy Limits and Reasonable Expectations

Create simple, realistic expectations for children and stick to them, but don't expect perfection. Ask yourself, "What rules does my child need for healthy, happy growth and development? What rules are unnecessary?" Try to limit or make waiting time more engaging for young children and avoid taking them to places where they must be quiet or sit still for long periods of time.

Teach Skills and Foster Confidence

Frustration reduces when children feel trusted, confident, and capable so gradually give your child more freedom and responsibility.

  • Show your child how to get dressed, put toys away, take dishes to the sink, cross the street, etc.
  • Work on social skills by modelling how to ask for a turn or share a toy (keep in mind that this is a work in progress. Most children can't share consistently until at least age three or four, and perhaps even older).
  • Demonstrate how to identify and communicate emotions and express needs.

How to Handle Tantrums

Accept they're normal.The phrase "temper tantrum" is loaded with preconceived ideas and misconceptions, but tantrums are a normal part of early childhood. A tantrum is one way children express themselves before they learn more socially appropriate methods. Tantrums do not mean that the child is bad, manipulative, or spoiled. Nor do they mean that the parent is lazy or permissive. Sometimes our anxiety around temper tantrums can actually increase their frequency.

Be still. Temper tantrums (and other powerful expressions of emotion from children) often make adults feel threatened or uncomfortable. But here's the thing: you can't take away or change your child's emotions. Trying to fix it or talking your child out of a tantrum almost always leads to an escalation. Instead, try getting quiet. Lower your voice or even whisper. Show empathy. Offer a hug if your child wants to be comforted. Say something that acknowledges your child's frustration. "I see how sad and angry you are. I want to help you find a solution when you are ready." Don't allow your child to destroy property or hurt others though. "I know you're feeling angry, but you can't kick the wall or hurt your sister. You can cry, talk to me about it, hit a pillow, or draw a picture. Maybe you have an idea too."

Stand strong. So what happens if a tantrum occurs because you've set a limit, a limit that you know is ultimately helpful and necessary for your child's safety and growth? You quietly, patiently, and confidently stand strong. "I know you're angry, but it's my job to keep you safe. The answer is still no." Just as you set healthy boundaries with the adults in your life, you can set healthy boundaries with your child. In this situation, you respect your child and yourself.

Remember: Temper tantrums won't last forever, they're usually not cause for concern, and they should decrease in frequency and severity as children get older and learn to control their emotions.


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