A selection of approximately 10 to 12 pairs of socks - big and small, plain and patterned, different colours. A basket or box
Unfurl the socks and place them in the basket or box. Invite your child to help you sort the socks;“I’ve got a red sock, can you help me find another red sock the same”?How this activity helps to develop early maths.■ Skills of sorting and matching by size, colour and pattern.■ Developing the concept of two and what makes two.■ Maths language of the same, different, pair, one more.Toddlers love getting involved in everyday activities so this is a great activity to do together when you are sorting washing to put away.
ChalkConesHoopsBallsBuckets or containers of varying sizes
Set up targets for your child using cones, hoops, buckets or chalked shapes on the floor.Ask your child to roll, throw, or kick the ball to the target.Move the target further away to make it harder, or move it closer to make it easier.Make the target smaller to make it harder, or bigger to make it easier. Ask your child if they notice how some objects are easier to throw and why they think that is. Can they throw with both hands together? Can they throw with their left and their right hands separately and at the same time?This game encourages hand/eye coordination, gross and fine motor movements, and direction and precision throwing.
If you haven't got ant buckets, why not draw targets on a wall with chalk or on paper which is then stuck to the wall? These can be different shapes and sizes and placed at different heights to provide higher levels of challenge.
Red and blue food colouring2 clear plastic cups2 stalks of celeryWaterMagnifying Glass
Adult Guided ActivityTrim the bottom and top of the celery (adult only)Put a small amount of food colouring in each of the plastic cups and fill them with waterPlace a celery stalk in each cup and leave in a warm place overnightDeveloping Investigation and EnquiryTalk about what has happened to the celery stalks
Keeping Everyone SafeRole model safe cutting when using a sharp knife to cut celery.
A silky fabric scarf, fabric napkin or a tea towelA selection of favourite toys
This is best done sitting in front of your baby either on the floor or when your baby is seated in a highchair. Pop the scarf, tea towel or napkin over your face then pull it away quickly and say “Peek-a-Boo”. Repeat again and then invite your baby to pull the scarf, tea towel or napkin off to reveal your face. This becomes a game of great anticipation and fun as your baby discovers that you’ve not disappeared. Switch the game round and pop the scarf, tea towel or napkin over your baby’s face and say “Where’s ……. gone”? Watch as baby pulls the fabric away to reveal that they have not disappeared.Extend the game by hiding a favourite object, such as a teddy, under the scarf, tea towel or napkin and saying “where’s Teddy gone”? As baby pulls the scarf, tea towel or napkin away to reveal teddy say “there’s Teddy”! This fun game of hide and seek is a great way to help develop the connection of the object and object name as you reinforce the name of the object by saying “where has ……. gone” and “there is ……”Babies learn through repetition so don’t be surprised if this becomes a game that your baby indicates they want more of it!Object PermanenceObject permanence is about understanding that when something disappears it has not gone forever and tends to begin to develop between 4-8 months of age. Before a baby begins to understands this concept, things that disappear from her view, such as something falls off the high chair tray or is covered over with an upside down bowl, are gone. Quite literally out of sight and out of mind. Developing object permanence is an important cognitive milestone. It is an essential foundation to learning for symbolic understanding (which a baby needs to develop language, pretend play, and exploration) and helps babies work through separation anxiety.
Children love to have the opportunity to experience messy play; many children love to experience getting really, really messy - even playing in the dirt. In our clean environments we now sadly worry about this. However, there is a school of thought that indicates that getting dirty is actually quite important for children and something that children are actually programmed to do for reasons of survival. The publication “The Dirt on Dirt” by the US based National Wildlife Federation summarises the benefits of playing in the mud for developing the immune system and preventing allergies. The Forest School movement advocates that playing outdoors also decreases children’s stress levels and improves their concentration abilities.Many nurseries have developed “Mud Kitchens” where children can play in a hands on way, get stuck in and as messy as they like. As they get absorbed in squishing, moulding and mixing, their imaginations roam free. They spontaneously make potions, mud pies and develop their own little worlds. If you have the opportunity to have a space in your garden to make a digging area where your child can also do this they will develop their own way of playing that will help them problem solve and encourage their own creativity. If you have no garden, go for walks in green spaces and gather natural materials to bring back and make potions on the kitchen table. Blossom trees and wild flowers are starting to spring up and these can be used for “magic”!Different ways of learning emerge as we mature but learning through our senses is not something that we entirely lose throughout our lives; who hasn’t been reminded to use oven gloves by touching a hot pan? We don’t want children to learn everything this way but experiential learning does have an important place as it helps to develop understanding and skills and gives the brain important feedback.For more information go to:http://www.muddyfaces.co.uk/download/Making%20a%20mud%20kitchen.pdfhttp://www.nwf.org/What-We-Do/Kids-and-Nature/Why-Get-Kids-Outside/Dirt-is-Great.aspx